Electricians specialize in the installation, maintenance, repair, and troubleshooting of electrical systems and equipment. They are also responsible for the safety of the systems they work on.
Typically, electricians are employed by electrical contractors. However, they are also self-employed. The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers has hundreds of thousands of members around the world. Their membership fees help support their union. In addition, the government provides incentives to spur consumer demand for electrical installations.
Some electricians begin their career as apprentices, spending several years gaining practical experience before they take the examination. After they have gained the necessary experience, they can apply for jobs at large corporations or in their own companies. For example, a qualified electrician can apply for a Joint Industry Board Electrotechnical Certification Scheme card, which allows them to work in controlled areas.
During their apprenticeship, apprentices attend trade school one day a week. This learn more training teaches them the basics of electricity. Upon completion of the training, the apprentice may start taking on smaller projects on their own. By the time they are a master, they are generally working in the field for seven to ten years.
Throughout their training, apprentices learn the proper procedures for troubleshooting electrical problems and wiring. They use ammeters and voltmeters to determine the best solutions for problems. Using pliers and saws, they connect wires to circuit breakers and outlets.
There are several different exams that an electrician must pass before they can practice as a licensed electrician. All of these tests are based on the National Electrical Code and local electrical codes. These exams require applicants to answer multiple-choice questions. Additionally, apprentices must pass an aptitude test and a substance abuse screening exam. Once they pass these tests, they receive an A Class license.
To become a licensed electrician in New York, applicants must take a written exam and a practical exam. The written exam costs $525. Applicants must also pay a $350 application fee. If an applicant passes the written exam, they will receive their results within three to four weeks. An applicant’s results can be obtained through the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA).
In order to become an electrician, most states require candidates to obtain a license. This license is a requirement that is used to identify electricians who can legally work on behalf of an electrical contractor. Although the requirements vary between states, most of them involve passing a written examination and a practical exam.
Before entering the field, an electrician must have excellent vision, a strong physical constitution, and good hand-eye coordination. It is also essential to have a good level of patience and to have the ability to problem solve. Ideally, an electrician should have a strong work ethic and a sense of responsibility. Because the job requires the ability to work with and around live electrical wires, it can be dangerous.
Among the most prestigious positions in the field of electrical work are those of master electricians. They have passed an exam to demonstrate a superior knowledge of the National Electrical Code. Other high-ranking positions include research electricians, marine electricians, and hospital electricians.